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Native American Veterans Fight On, For Support And Recognition

Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs

Of the 317,000 veterans in Oregon, 3900 are Native American.  Historically, the First Nations have enlisted at higher rates than any other demographic, despite not being recognized as U.S. citizens until 1924. As KLCC’s Brian Bull reports, native veterans in Oregon and across the nation are striving for more recognition and support.

“At this time ladies and gentlemen, we’ll go to the Warriors Society to give us a flag song…” says an emcee at last year's Siletz Pow-Wow.  Because veterans hold a special status in Native American communities, they always lead the Grand Entry at these events.

Credit Department of Veterans Affairs / Flickr.com
Native American vets lead the Grand Entry at the annual Camp Chapparal event hosted by the Yakama Nation, 2012. Organizers say it helps VA staff better understand the cultural needs of veterans from Indian communities.

“Please, remember all of our veterans who put their lives on the line, and lost their lives…in defense of our indigenous lands…" continues the emcee, as veterans appear with their eagle staffs and finery.

Indians have served the U.S. Army and other branches of the military, going back to the Revolutionary War.  Many say it’s part of their “warrior code”, and proudly serve despite colonization and past conflicts with the U.S. government.

Credit Brian Bull / KLCC
Terry Bentley, Veterans Affairs Regional Specialist for the Western States, which includes Oregon. A member of the Kurok Tribe, Bentley has many relatives who've served in America's wars.

“My family feels that protecting this land is their land, protecting their way of life, irrespective of what the government has done to our people," says Terry Bentley.  She's a Kurok tribal member, and Veterans Affairs Regional Specialist for the Western States including Oregon. She’s helped the VA develop programs for Native Americans.

“Like sweat lodge programs, talking circles, understanding what ‘smudging’ means, and helping sometimes bring in individuals from their native communities to work with them as part of their healing process.”

That’s especially true at Camp Chapparal, held for VA practitioners and vets every August. Hosted by the Yakama Nation in Washington State, Bentley says it’s nearing its 30th year.  The week-long event was featured on the TV show, “The American Veteran.”

CLIP: “…the VA employees learn Native American patients must be handled differently, because injuries like PTSD hurt not only physically and mentally, but also spiritually.”

Credit Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs / Flickr.com
For many Native American veterans, participating in traditional ceremonies helps them deal with wounds and also bond with the soldier community.

In an effort to improve services, the Oregon Governor’s Office and state VA are working to create a tribal veterans office for all nine federally-recognized tribes. 

“The important part is that culturally, tribal veterans take care of tribal veterans," says Mitch Sparks, Deputy Director for the Oregon VA.

"And that’s been our goal, help them stand up and provide the training of their advocate to make sure they know and understand VA regulations, and help them be better advocates.”

Since last year, two tribal vet centers have been launched, with the Warm Springs and Umatilla Tribes. Sparks says the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde are having his staff over for a consultation soon. Besides improving digital services and record keeping, Sparks says it helps tribes with legal matters.

Credit Oregon Department of Veterans Affairs
Oregon VA Deputy Director Mitch Sparks (left), and Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Chairman Eugene Austin Greene Jr. (right), which received the first tribal veterans office in the state last year.

“Tribal entities have a choice now…they can apply through the federal VA for their own power of attorney for their own tribe to represent their own veterans, or they can go through a state veteran’s agency like ourselves, to work under our power of attorney.

"And that’s a very recent change in federal law.”

And there are more federal efforts underway. This year, the U.S. Senate introduced a bill to improve VA outreach to native veterans. And a House resolution would officially recognize the Eagle Staff as the flag of the sovereign Indian nations…which pleases many elders. 

"I’m an eagle staff carrier, I have a tremendous eagle staff, the feathers have been gifted by combat veterans,” says 83-year-old Bill Stam. 

On the outskirts of Jefferson, Oregon, near the town cemetery, Stam presents his memorial started in 2013.  The Oglala Lakota veteran served in Korea and Vietnam, and has funded this site with his own money and donations.

Credit Brian Bull / KLCC
An all-native Honor Guard dedicated to promoting the All Nations Native American Veterans Memorial in Jefferson, Oregon. From left to right: Ivan 'Bud" Jones (Oglala Lakota/Cherokee, Vietnam War); Bill Stam (Oglala Lakota, Korean and Vietnam Wars); Donald Vanderburg Jr., (Cherokee/Lakota, Afghanistan conflict); Tobie Davie (Cherokee, Vietnam War); and Albert Dean Miller (Toma-Iowa, Navy service).

“This is the All-Nations Native American Memorial," he says, gesturing towards a life-size sculpture behind him. "A native on a horse, and he’s hunting buffalo. Last year we had almost 600 visitors, 32 states, and seven countries."

Stam is joined by his honor guard, a group of friends who are also native veterans.  They’ve worked on a grassroots level to promote the memorial, which includes the names of Indian Codetalkers, and Congressional Gold Medal recipients.

Credit Brian Bull / KLCC
Bill Stam points to some of the names listed on his All-Nations Native American Veterans Memorial in Jefferson, Oregon.

“Can you untie this, Don?” asks Stam, of his fellow veteran, Donald Vanderburg Jr.  His friend obliges, pulling back the plastic covering shielding the names from the rain.

“Mia Thom, she did 40 years in the military, she’s Vietnam, Desert Storm, Iraq, Afghanistan…" reads Stam.

Vanderburg Jr. is an Afghanistan veteran of Cherokee-Lakota descent. He says he’s done archery and ceremonial sweats here, which has helped his PTSD.

“I love it up here, this is my zen!" he laughs.  "This is where I come up here to find peace."

“He’s changed a lot in a year,” adds Stam.

"Yeah, when I first joined up here with Bill, I was in not very good condition," continues Vanderburg. "I was in a lot of pain.  And I come up here and started helping him, he started helping me, and as time went on, I got better.”

Credit Brian Bull / KLCC
From left to right: Ivan "Bud" Jones, Bill Stam, Donald Vanderburg Jr., Tobie Davie, and Albert Dean Miller at the All-Nations Native American Veterans Memorial near the Jefferson cemetery.

Another veteran is Ivan “Bud” Jones, of Cherokee-Lakota heritage and a VFW post commander. He says he wants Oregon lawmakers to show more support for the memorial, and native veterans in general.

“We need to get that message out.  If we don’t share this history, it’s going to go away.  And then it’ll be gone forever. And we can’t have that.”

As Jones and others work to highlight this memorial in Oregon, another one underway in Washington D.C. will also help share that history. In September, groundbreaking begins on the National Native American Veterans Memorial, with a dedication slated for November 2020.

Credit National Museum of the American Indian / Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution
Concept design for National Native American Veterans Memorial, scheduled to begin work in fall of 2019. Its design was done by Harvey Pratt, of the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes of Oklahoma.

Note: Funding for KLCC's "Borders, Migration, and Belonging" series is provided by the Wayne Morse Center for Law and Politics at the University of Oregon.

Copyright 2019, KLCC.

Brian Bull joined the KLCC News Team in June 2016. In his 25+ years as a public media journalist, he's worked at NPR, Twin Cities Public Television, South Dakota Public Broadcasting, Wisconsin Public Radio, and ideastream in Cleveland. His reporting has netted dozens of accolades, including four national Edward R. Murrow Awards (22 regional), the Ohio Associated Press' Best Reporter Award, Best Radio Reporter from the Native American Journalists Association, and the PRNDI/NEFE Award for Excellence in Consumer Finance Reporting.
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